Sunday, 31 December 2017

[BOOK 19] Getting Started with Ubuntu 16.04

Serial No.- 19
Getting Started with Ubuntu 16.04

Category:- Non-Fiction (9. Computer & Technology)

Book:- Getting Started with Ubuntu 16.04

Authors:- The Ubuntu Manual Team

Language:- English

Publisher:- CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform

Published on:- April 28, 2016

No. of Pages:- 141

My after reading opinion ( December 31, 2017):- I have been a Windows user since I am using computers. But recently I have decided to start using Linux OS. Because I was unaware of the power of an open source software like Linux.
But right now I came it touch of it, gather knowledge about Linux, learn a little bit and decided to switch to Linux user. Because if you have a little bit more technical knowledge and you are not using Linux as your PCs operating system that means you are just limiting yourself. You are limiting your true potential to command and to control your own computer.

It's okey if you are a beginner computer user and you are using Windows or Mac OS X instead of Linux OS. Or probably your purpose to use a computer is just your work specific and not computing oriented. May be you are using your computer to get your work done or just for fun, entertainment, gaming and some Internet browsing etc. Then it's okey to use Windows or Mac etc. 
But if you want your full control over your PC, than I recommend using Linux operating system. You are limiting yourself if you are not using Linux. Because other OS gives you a very limited and restricted options to control your one machines. And of course you need some technical knowledge and interest to play around with computing.

That's why I decided to become a Linux user. But which distro should I start?  
Few popular Linux deistros
There are lots of Linux distributors out there right now. It's easy to get confused for the first time. Linux distributors or distros are just like different flavours of Linux. Some popular Linux distros are Debian, Red hat, fedora, Ubuntu, LinuxMint, Arch, OpenSusi etc. Ubuntu is one of the user friendly distros which gets popularity in a very short period of time. It comes with both easy to use GUI and CLI interfaces. Great choice both for newbies and advanced Linux users. And most importantly Ubuntu has large software center and great technical support community.

So, I decided to download and install latest Ubuntu version 16.04 LTS according to the compatibility of my PC hardware (32bit). But hey, I am new here. So get the user manual of the exact versions "Getting Started with Ubuntu 16.04" and start reading.

After finishing this user guide, get confident to use Linux. This manual is very easy to understand, practical oriented and informative. Mostly GUI interfaces, which is good for beginners has been described and also covered the basic of CLI interfaces. Also I came to know about lots of keyboard shortcuts and other useful technical stuffs. The knowledge I get from this Ubuntu user manual, is going to help me in future.

Saturday, 30 December 2017

[Book 18] Mathematics Today 1

Serial No.- 18
Mathematics Today 1

Category:- Academic Study ( 0. Mathematics )

Book:- Mathematics Today 1

Authors:- O.P. Malhotra, S.K.Gupta, Anubhuti Gangal

Language:- English

Publisher:- S.Chand & Company Ltd.

Published on:- First Edition 1979, This copy is the revised edition 2014

No. of Pages:- 156

My after reading opinion ( December 30, 2017):- Previously I have reviewed preschool mathematics books for children. But this time I am going to review all primary school math books of the same school board (ICSE), same authors and same publishers. 
And I have started with this book named "Mathematics Today 1", which is written for ICSE class 1 school kids. Again the authors write generally great math book series for school education. They focus to make their books more interactive, easy and fun way to learn for school kids.
This standard 1 math book contains following topics -
  1. Arithmetic:-
    • Numbers 20 to 100 (With Place value concept 'ones' and 'tens')
    • Addition and Subtraction of 2 digit numbers (with the concepts of carry and borrow)
    • Skip counting as pre-multiplication concept
    • Multiplication as repeated addition concept
  2. Applications of Arithmetic:-
    • Money
    • Time
  3. Mensuration:-
    • Measurement
  4. Geometry:-
    • Shapes
  5. Statistics:-
    • Data Handling
  6. Patterns
Again not to mention, this book is full of colourful pictures, interactive diagrams, fun works, playing with numbers what children will find interesting during their academic sessions.
Overall this is a great and effective Primary school book.
Thank you.

Saturday, 23 December 2017

[Book 17] Jahangirer Swarnamudra - Comics Version

Serial No.- 17 
Jahangirer Swarnamudra - Comics Version

Category:- Fiction (Bengali Literature)

Book :- Jahangirer Swarnamudra (means "The Gold Coins of Jahangir") - Comics Version

Author:- Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992)

Drawing:- Avijit Chattopadhyay

Language:- Bengali

Publisher:- Ananda Publishers, 45, Beniatola Ln, Kolkata - 700009

Published:- 1st published in January,2013. This book is a 3rd printed in May,2015.

No. of Pages:- 44

My after reading opinion (December 23, 2017):- Another book of this series for my nieces as a gift. Before that I have bought four other books for them. They have enjoyed them and love to read more of this Feluda comics series. So I have bought this one for them. Great book with great illustration. And I hope my nieces want more comics books like that in future.

Main Article:-  My Journey through the Ocean of Knowledge (Books)

Tuesday, 19 December 2017

[Book 16] Curriculum Primary Level (Classes I – V)

Serial No.- 16
Curriculum Primary Level

Category:- Non-Fiction (10. Education & Reference)

Book :- Curriculum Primary Level (Classes I – V), CISCE

Author:- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations

Language:- English

Publisher:- Research, Development and Consultancy Division (RDCD), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations

Published:- First Edition, November, 2016

No. of Pages:- 346

My after reading opinion (December 19, 2017):- This curriculum I have read before going farther to review primary school math books.
So, I shall get helpful ideas of learning those elementary level mathematics from those school kids point of view. This type of curriculum are also useful for teachers, parents of primary school kids and authors also.
Students, who are in the primary classes (I to V), are not with complete developed brain, unlike an adult person. So, their learning system also will be different from us. That's why we the authors, the teachers, the parents must understand children's school curriculum, syllabus, study materials from a kids point of view.
That is how we can improve the way we educate our kids, we can improve the teaching and learning methods. To do that we need to read this types of curriculum first.
My intention to read this curriculum was to understand the curriculum of Mathematics only. But along with mathematics, I learned other subject's curriculum too. So, I get a broad idea of primary school curriculum, such as, what we should include, what we shouldn't in their academic schedule etc.
It's an CISCE curriculum and they have included following subjects in their curriculum -
!st Language (Englist), 2nd Language (i.e. Hindi), Mathematics, Enviromental Studies (Class - I,II), Science (Class - III,IV,V), Social Studies (Class - III,IV,V), Computer Studies and Arts Education.
Here I am going to discuss only about the Mathematics section (Because this is what I was looking for). So, in primary school level CISCE curriculum Mathematics contents these following major themes -
1, Arithmetic (Numbers, Number Operations, Playing with Numbers, Negative Numbers)
2. Geometry
3. Mensuration (Measurement)
4. Statistics (Data Handling)
5. Patterns
And this is what I have got from the above geometry section, which is the most valuable contents in the entire curriculum for me -

"Dutch Mathematicians Dina van Heile- Geldof and Pierre Marie Heile clubbed the learning of geometry for a child in five stages:
Stage 0: Visualisation includes recognition and naming of shapes.
Stage 1: Analysis, includes describing the attributes of shapes.
Stage 2: Informal Deduction i.e. classifying and generalizing by attributes.
Stage 3: Deduction to develop proofs using axioms and definitions.
Stage 4: Rigor, generate proofs using various methods."

This is a very effective methods and this is how any children learn geometry in their early stages. I didn't know about this facts before. This is totally new information to me.

And not to mention but this situation is proving once again that no books, no contents are useless. Every books in the world have something worthy, valuable knowledge to give.


Main Article:-  My Journey through the Ocean of Knowledge (Books)