Saturday, 18 February 2017

[Book 1] Bigyaner Itihas (means “History of Science”) by Somorendronath Sen

Bigyaner Itihas by Somorendronath Sen
Serial No.- 1 (Though it’s not the 1st book I have ever read in my life, but it’s the 1st book I am going to put in my reading record list)

Category:- Non-Fiction (10. Education & Reference)

Book :-  Bigyaner Itihas (means “History of Science”) 

Author:-  Somorendronath Sen (1918-1992)

Written in:- Bengali

Publisher:- Soyba Prokason Bibhag, Kolkata

Published:- 1st published on May, 1955. This version of the book is the 4th edition and it was published on August, 2004
No. of Pages:- 780

My after reading opinion (October 23, 2016):-

“Bigyaner Itihas”, which means “History of Science”. This is actually two different parts in one single book. In one word this Book is the result of the author’s whole life’s hard working and research on the history of science. Without hard work no one can write this type of priceless, wonderful piece of book.

In the 1st part of the book author started his introductory chapter on “what is science?” wonderfully. Then he discussed “Prehistoric Ages” with the deep discussion on the birth of earth, early age of human, life of cavemen, old stone age, new stone age and metal age.

Then he discussed “Ancient Age of Science” very carefully. He covered everything in details step by step - ancient Babylonian, Egyptian, Mesopotamia, harappa mohenjo daro and Mahachina civilization. And of course the golden age of Greek Science. After Roman empire’s attack on Greece, Graeco-Roman times had been started. But it didn’t stay much longer and sooner the dark age of European science begun. At that time in Europe no new discovery happened in science. The author finish his 1st part of this book with the anarchy of European dark age.

In the 2nd part the author discussed the “Middle Age of Science”. When there was the dark age started in Europe already, at the same time in India, new kind of scientific inventions and discovery occurred. Indian Science developed in a certain way. And the same things happened in Arabian Science also. 

Fortunately European dark age of science didn’t stay much longer. Sooner European renaissance started and the entire science has changed forever. The author finished his 2nd part here. This is a great book of history of science with lot’s of valuable informations.

But he didn’t write anything about “Modern Age of Science”. I think the author should wrote 3rd part of the book on “Modern Age of Science” to complete the “History of Science”. But he didn’t mentioned anything about Newton and Post-Newtonian (Post-calculus) age. As we know according to Sir Isaac Newton and his marvelous invention Calculus, History of Science is divided this way...
History of Science according to Isaac Newton and his amazing invention Calculus
Most of the scientific invention and discovery happens after Calculus in Modern Age. As an example in Mathematics only a few topics such as - 0. Arithmetic,  1. Geometry, 2. Mensuration, 3. Elementary Algebra, 4. Trigonometry, 5. Coordinate Geometry has been discovered. But After Newton/Calculus the list of math topics overflow with 6. Differential Calculus, 7. Integral Calculus, 8. Classical Algebra, 9. Abstract Algebra, 10. Vector Analysis, 11. Linear Algebra, 12. Linear Transformation, 13. Analytical Geometry, 14. Mathematical Analysis, 15. Analytical Dynamics, 16. Analytical Statics, 17. Probability, 18. Statistics, 19. Linear Programming, 20. Game Theory, 21. Complex Analysis, 22. Integral Transform, 23. Tensor Calculus, 24. Graph Theory, 25. Metric Spaces, 26. Real Analysis, 27. Ordinary Differential Equations, 28. Partial Differential Equations, 29. Computational Mathematics, 30. General Topology, 31. Functional Analysis, 32. Differential Geometry, 33. Algebraic Topology, 34. Integral Equations, 35. Measure Theory, 36. Discrete Mathematics, 37. Multi vibrate Calculus, 38. Theory of Manifolds, 39. Lie Group & Lie Algebra, 40. Mathematical Logic, 41. Number Theory, 42. Algebraic Geometry, 43. Automata Theory, 44. Category Theory, 45. Differential Topology, 46. Universal Algebra, 47. Theory of Linear Operations, 48. Banach Theory, 49. Algebraic Coding Theory, 50. Non-Euclidean Geometry etc.

Same case happens with other science subjects too.

Whatever, though this book is not the complete history of science, but the author discussed the Pre-Newtonian ages very clearly and in depth. All over, this is a great book. 

Everyone should know the “History of Science”. It doesn’t matter if someone is science student or not. Because willingly or unwillingly each and every second we are dependent on science. We all should know how we came from cave age to modern human civilization. It all happens because of the magic of science. 

So, I enjoyed the book very much. I am glad that I have read this wonderful book. I came to know lot’s of interesting and important facts because of this book. Thank’s to the author for writing this book.

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